Index of invocations in classical literature
by: M. Horatius Piscinus
Below are listed the names of many Roman deities (in nominative and vocative cases) drawn from inscriptions and texts. Reference is then made to Latin prayers in which their names appear, or where reference in made in texts about such prayers being said to these deities. The names of some foreign deities are included because an example of a Latin prayer to them can be found (Isis, Osiris, Attys), or where their name appeared on the Roman Fasti (Epona). The names of some indigitamenta, but by no means all known, have been included. The list remains a working project, and is thus incomplete.
  1. Adonis
  2. Aesculapius, Aesculapi: Ovid Met. 15.678; Martial Epi. IX.17; Terent. Hec. 328
  3. Anna Perenna: Ovid Fasti 3.523
  4. Apollo: Plaut. Merc. 678; Verg. Aen. 3.85; 10.875; Tib. 2.5.1ff; 3.10; 4.4.1
  5. Attys: Cattul 63
  6. Aurora: Tib. 1.3.93
  7. Bacchus, Bacche: Plaut. Curc. 117; Ovid Fasti 3.481
  8. Bellona: Plaut. Bacch. 847; Liv. 8.9.6; 10.19.17;
  9. Bona Dea:
  10. Camenae:
  11. Caesar, dive Caesar: Val. Flacc. Arg. I 5; Martial Epigr. V 63,5; Anthol. Lat. I 24
  12. Castor: Plaut. Bacch. 872; Anthol. Lat. II 251,1
  13. Ceres: Ovid Amor. 3.10.2; Fasti 1.66970; 1.699; Apul. Met. VI 2; Horat. Serm. II 2,124; Cic. In Verr. II 5.184; IV 72; Livy 24.38.8; Tib. 1.115; 2.1.3; Verg. Georg. 1.338
  14. Circe:
  15. Concordia: Lucan Phar. VI 189
  16. Conditor: Serv. Ad Geor. 1.21
  17. Consus, Conse: FPR p. 390 fr. 23
  18. Convector: Serv. Ad Geor. 1.21
  19. Cupidus, Cupide: Tib. 2.1.81
  20. Diana: Cattul 34.21-2; Verg. Aen. XI 557; Sil. Ital. Pun. 13.135; Cic. In Verr. II 5.184; Horat. Carm. I.12.13; 1.21.1; 3.22.2; Epist. 5.5; Carm. Saec. 13; Epod. 5.5; Tertul de Anim. 39.
  21. Dioscuri: Ovid Trist. 1.10, 45; Hort. Carm. I 3,1; I 12,13; Stat. Silv III 2,5
  22. Dispater, Ditis: Macro. Sat. III 9,10; Festus (s.v. lapidem silicem); Audolent p.197 no.139, p. 292 no. 218
  23. Epona:
  24. Fascinus, Fascine: Plin. Nat. Hist. 28.39
  25. Faunus, Faune: Horat. Carm. III 18,1; Verg. Aen. XII 776; Calpurn. Bucol. V 26
  26. Febris: Val. Max. 2.5.6
  27. Feretrius, Feretri: (See Jupiter)
  28. Fides: Plaut. Aulul. 584; Aulul. 611; Sil. Ital. Pun. VI 466
  29. Flora:
  30. Fortuna: Horat. Carm. I 35,1; Lucan Phar. I 665; VIII 729; IX 212; Seneca Consol. 13; Apul. Met. VI 8; Acta Frat. Arv. p. 123 (Herzen) Fortuna redux: Acta Frat. Arv. p. 123 (Henzen)
  31. Genius, Geni: Tib. II 2,5; IV 5,9; Ovid. Trist. V 5,13; Plaut. Poen. 950; Cato Agr. 139-4 ; Arnob. Ad Nat. 2.67
  32. Gradivus, Gradive: (See Mars)
  33. Hercules: Plaut. Curc. 358; Bacch.892; Verg. Aen. 7.293; Hort. Serm. 2.6.14; Propert. Iv 9,71
  34. Hora Quirini: Ennius Annal. I fr. 63
  35. Ianus, Iane: Acta Frat. Arv. 144 (Herz.); Auson. III 5; Cato Agr. 134, 141; Cic. Nat. Deor. 2.67.27; Fest. s.v. Chaos; Horat. Epist. I 16; Livy 1.32.10; 8.9.6; Macrob. Sat. 1.9.9, 1.16.25; Martial Epigr. 8.2.8, 8.8.1, 10.28.7, 10.28.12, Ovid Fast. 1.172; Plaut. Cist. 512; Serv. Ad Aen. 7.610;
  36. Ilithyia: Horat. Carm. Saec. 14
  37. Imporcitor: Serv. Ad Geor. 1.21
  38. Indigites: Livy 8.9.6
  39. Insitor: Serv. Ad Geor. 1.21
  40. Isis: Tib. 1.3.27 ff; Apul. Met. XI
  41. Iuno: Apul. Met. 6.4; Arnob. Adv. Nat. 3.10; Catul. 34.13; Cic. In Verr. II 5.184, Nat. Deor. 2.27.68; Livy 6.16.2; 38.51; CIL VI 32323 (Acta Sacr. Saec) vs 117; VI 32329 vs 10; Macro. Sat. 3.16.27; Ovid Fasti 3.255; Tib. 3.12.4; Plaut. Aulul. 692; Serv. Ad Aen. 1.8; Terent. Adelph. 486; Andria 473; Tertul. De Anim. C. 39; Tib. 4.6.7; Verg.Aen.
  42. Iuppiter, Iove: Tib. 1.3.51; Livy 1.32.6ff; 1.24.7; 6.16.2; Cato Agr. 132, 134; Macrob. Sat. 3.9.10; Plaut. Poen. 1187; Persa 251; Persa 753; Petron. Sat. 44; CIL VI 32 323 vs 105; III 01933 (=ILS 4907)
  43. Iustitia: Seneca Med. 439-442
  44. Lar: Plaut. Mil. Glor. 1339; Merc. 834; Trinum. 39; Cato Agr. 2.142
  45. Lares: Tib. 1.1; 1.10; Liv. 8.9.6; Carmen Frat. Arv.Val. Max. 3.4.5; Calp. Bucol. V 26
  46. Lares viales: Plaut. Merc. 865
  47. Latona: Plaut. Bacch. 892; Cic. In Verr. II 5.184
  48. Laverna: Horat. Epist. I 16.60
  49. Liber Pater: Tib. 2.1.3; 3.6.1; Verg. Geo. 1.5; Propert. 3.17.1; Horat. Carm. 1.12.13; 2.19.7; Cic. In Verr. II 5.184
  50. Libera: Ovid Fasti 3.511; Cic. In Verr. II 5.184
  51. Libitania: (See Proserpina)
  52. Lucina: (See Juno)
  53. Luna: Verg. Aen. 9.404; Geo. I 5; Ovid Met. 7.192; Anthol. Lat. I 723,3; PLM III p. 163
  54. Magna Mater Idaea: Cic. In Verr. 2.5.184; Sil. Ital. Pun. 18.38; Verg. Aen. VI 133, X 252;
  55. Maia:
  56. Manes: Macrob. Sat. III 9.10
  57. Mars: Cato Agr. 141; Serv. Ad Aen. 3.3; Livy 8.9.6, 45.32.2; Acta Frat. Arv. p. 123 (Herzen); Carmen Fratrum Arvalium; Vell. Patercul. II 131,1; Lucan Phar. II 59; Ovid Fast. 5.575;
  58. Mater Matuta: Ovid Fasti 6.559
  59. Mercurius, Mercuri: Hort. Serm. II 6,4; Ovid Fast. 5.681; Pers. Sat. II 44; Plaut. Bacch. 892; Stich. 402; Anthol. Lat. II 1528
  60. Messor: Serv. Ad Geor. 1.21
  61. Minerva: Verg. Aen. 9.483, 11.483; Ovid Fasti 6.652; Capell. VI 575; Livy 6.16.2; Acta Frat. Arv. p. 122 (Herzen); Cic. Domo 144
  62. Mors: Tib. 1.3.4
  63. Nemesis:
  64. Neptunus, Neptune: Plaut. Most. 431; Rud. 358; Stich. 403; Trinum. 819ff; Rodens 906 Sil. Ital. Pun. XV 159; Arnob. Adv. Nat. 3.43; Acta Frat. Arv. p. 123 (Herzen); Verg. Aen. 3.52.8, 5.235
  65. Neria Martis: Gellius 3.23.13
  66. Noduterensa:
  67. Novensiles: Livy 8.9.6
  68. Nox: Plaut. Amphi. 546
  69. Numitor
  70. Obarator: Serv. Ad Geor. 1.21
  71. Occator: Serv. Ad Geor. 1.21
  72. Ops: Plaut. Cist. 512; Bacch. 892
  73. Osiris, Osiri: Tib. 1.7.43 ff.
  74. Pales: Ovid Fasti 4.747; Calpurn. Bucol. V 24; Nemes Bucol. II 55
  75. Pan: Petron. Sat. 133
  76. Parcae
  77. Pax: Ovid Fast. 1.711; Tib. I.10.67
  78. Penates: Plaut. Merc. 834
  79. Pietas: Ovid Met. X 321
  80. Pluto:
  81. Pollux: Cic. In Verr. II 5,184; Plaut. Bacch. 892; Anthol. Lat. II 251,1
  82. Pomona:
  83. Portunus, Portune:
  84. Priapus, Priape: Verg. Eclog. 7.33; Tib. 1.1.17; 1.4.1-6; Cattul. 18; Anthol. Lat. II 861; II 1504
  85. Promitor: Serv. Ad Geor. 1.21
  86. Proserpina: Tib. III 5,6; Livy 24.38.8; Senec. Herc. Fur. 596; Lucan. Phar. VI 695
  87. Pudicitia: Val. Max. 6.1 praef
  88. Quirinus, Quirine: Livy 8.9.6; Ennius Annal. Fr 63; Anthol. Lat. I 424 (Romulus)
  89. Reparator: Serv. Ad Geor. 1.21
  90. Robigo: Ovid Fast. 4.911
  91. Roma: Lucan Phar. I 195; I 200; VIII 322; Propert. III 10
  92. Romulus, Romule pater: Livy 3.17.6; Ennius Annal. Fr 61; Verg. Geo. 1.498 Ovid Met. XV 861; Tacitus Hist. 6.58; Acta Frat. Arv. p.122, 123 (Herz.)
  93. Salus Publica: Acta Frat. Arv. 122; 123 (Henz)
  94. Sarritor: Serv. Ad Geor. 1.21
  95. Saturnus, Saturne: Martial Epigr. XII 62,1; Plaut. Bacch. 892; Cist. 512; Anthol. Lat. I.199,9
  96. Seminator:
  97. Silenus, Silene:
  98. Silvanus, Silvane: Verg. Geo. 1.5; Nemes. Bucol. II 58; Anthol. Lat. II 19; II 250
  99. Sol: Apul. Flor. 10; Capell. II 184; Plaut. Bacch. 892; Verg. Aen. 6.607; 12.176; Anthol. Lat. 1.17.1
  100. Spes: Plaut. Bacch. 892
  101. Sterculinus, Sterculine:
  102. Subruncinator: Serv. Ad Geor. 1.21
  103. Summanus, Summane: Plaut. Bacch. 892
  104. Tacita:
  105. Tellus mater: Macro. Sat. III 9, 10; Ovid Fasti 1.669; Varro Rust. I 2,27; Anthol. Lat. 1.17.1; II.1048.1; II 1029,5; CIL VI 32 323 vs 136 (=ILS 5050)
  106. Tempestates: Plaut. Stich. 402
  107. Terminus, Termine: Ovid Fast 2.659
  108. Terra: (See Tellus)
  109. Tiberis: Livy 2.10.11; Ennius Annal. I fr 31; Verg. Aen. 8.71; 10.421
  110. Tutilinia:
  111. Veiovis: Macro. Sat. III 9,10
  112. Venus: Cic. Deor.Nat. 2.67.27; Juv. Sat. 10.290; Plaut Bacch. 892; Mil. Glor. 1227; Rud. 1337; Curc. 125; Rodens 694ff; Hort. Carm. 1.3.1, 1.30.1; Tib. 1.2.41 ff; 3.3,33; 3.9.4
  113. Vervactor: Serv. Ad Geor. 1.21
  114. Vesta: Acta Frat. Arv. p. 123, p.147 (Herz.); Cic. Deor. Nat. 2.67.27; Domo 144; Juv. Sat. 6.386; Ovid Fast. 3.426; 6.429; Ser. Ad Aen. 1.292; Val. Max. 8.1.5; Vel. Pat. 2.131.1;
  115. Vertumnus, Vertumne:
  116. Vesta: Val. Max. 8.1.5 (absol); Ovid Fasti 3.426; 6.429; Cic. Domo 144; Acta Frat. Arv. p. 123; Vell Paterculus II 131,1
  117. Victoria: Ovid Amor. III 2,46; Auson XIX 2,1; Acta Frat. Arv. p. 123 (Herz.)
  118. Virtus: Lucan Phar. II 242; Plaut. Bacch. 892
  119. Vulcanus, Vulcane: Martial Epigr. V 7,5; Gratius Cyneg. 436
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